The Cholq’ij: Mayan Lunar Calendar
The Cholq’ij takes its name from the Maya-k’iche’ terms: Chol / counting things in order and Q’ij / day. Cholq’ij means counting the days in relation with space-time-Universe. This calendar contains an ancient system that connects the world, life, things, nature, and human beings in time-space, in order to embrace the connection with the whole Universe.
It was created according to the rotation of the moon around earth. The Cholq’ij lasts the time that the moon takes to circle 9 times around the earth. The calendar comprises 20 periods of 13 days, equivalent to 260 days.
The calendar is composed of 13 numbers and 20 nawals (energies), also known as ideograms, seals or lords. The twenty nawals (seals) are the essence of time-space or archetypal imprint. In the Mayan cosmogony, the Universe was created in 13 steps (dimensions): 7 steps in daytime and 6 steps in nighttime.
According to the Mayan oral tradition, everything changes 13 times like the rattlesnake changes skin. The rattlesnake represents for the Maya the life cycle, the passage of the sun through the Milky Way. When one is born, the Universe imprints on that person an energy, which is represented as a nawal and a number, also known as tone. Both nawal and tone in Maya-k’iche’ language is called Uwach uk’ij. This literally means “the face of our day” or the face of our inner cosmic energy. Through the combination of a nawal and a tone, a person can get into their inner flower of 9 petals (or the 9 steps to a peaceful mind).
The flower of 9 petals is also known as “The Path of Feathered Serpent of Awas/Karma”, “The Milky Way in our life”, “The Cosmic DNA”, “The past and the future now”. When one is capable of perceiving the deep links among day signs by feeling the path of the Serpent of Light along our existences, new deeper inner dimensions of meaning will emerge. It is important to say that the path of the Serpent of Light is a highly intuitive path, a map to reach enlightenment.
During our lifetime one has to be conscious about their seals, energies or nawals related to Awas (Karma) in order to understand life and to accomplish life purpose. The Mayan calendar is a spiritual and philosophical system, which shows that there is a deep reciprocity and interrelation among all that belongs to the Universe.